A) Biology of Jute. Fibres which are obtained from stem or bark of certain vegetable plants, are called bast fibres. in between the river Ganga and Brahmaputra. It belongs to the bast fiber category. It is the fiber used to make hessian sacks and garden twine. Jute is one of the important natural fibers after cotton in terms of cultivation and usage. Jute fabric is a type of textile fiber made from the jute plant. About Jute. Together with C. capsularis it is the primary source of jute fiber. Jute is also known as the golden fiber of India. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. The crop also suits well in crop rotation. Jute is a crop which can save the planet from being polluted by the products which are produced by the polluting factories. Such as –Jute, flax, hemp, ramie, kenaf etc. Next to cotton, jute is the second important fibre crop of India. The districts quality jute which is next to the jat with a soft, hair and light fibre. There are two types of it, such as–. The fibre after drying is taken to Jute mills, for getting converted to Jute yarn and Hessian /Gunny Fabrics/ bags. The jute fibers are located beneath the bark, primarily concentrated near the woody, central parts of the stalk. Jute fiber’s primary use is in fabrics for packaging a wide range of agricultural and industrial commodities that require bags, sacks, packs, and wrappings. Jute is a wonderful crop in the world. (a) Light to medium grey colour, sound clean, good texture, average lustre, clean cut and well hackled, free from any defects. ; Jute (Corchorus capsularis L and C.olitorius L.) is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India.Exported as goods and as raw fibre. The leaves and young fruits are used as a vegetable, the dried leaves are used for tea and as a soup thickener, and the seeds are edible. Jute Cultivation Guide: Jute Cultivation. The golden fibers are cultivated by sowing seeds in the fields. And as a result of the non-ending researches, m... Once, jute fibre was widely known as the "golden fibre" or. In India, Ganga delta region is excellent for jute cultivation as this region has fertile alluvium soil & favourable temperature along with sufficient rainfall. Jute is extracted from the bark of the white jute plant (Corchorus capsularis) and to a lesser extent from tossa jute (C. olitorius). Men have been trying their best to find out substitutes for jute but their efforts have not been so successful. Among them jute predominates in all respects such as production, manufacture, export, crop area, technology, economy, and industry. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae. It is a kind of fiber. Jute: 12: Which type climate is Required : warm & humid: 13: Fibre is obtained from … by retting: Phloem: 14: Jute is a : Parenchymatus fibre. i) Hard district: The hard district jute is better than the soft district. Bangla Tossa-E(BT-E): Any colour, any strength but free from unretted jute and stick and perished fibers. https://www.britannica.com/plant/jute-plant. d. For fibre purpose – jute is harvest before flowering . Jute is environmentally friendly as well as being one of … Cellulose produced from jute can be used to suffice the demand of wood around the world. Free Scholarships to Study Abroad | Browse Now! Jute was once known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most important cash crop for the country. Classification of jute according to Geographical distribution in Bangladesh: There are three types of jute according to their quality. The cultivation of jute improves soil fertility status by shedding its leaves in the field. Bangla White special (BWS): White or creamy, finest texture, very good lustre, clean, well-hackled, completely free from any. It is very easy and cheap to produce. Bangla White-B (BW-B): Light cream to straw colour, good texture, strong and good lustre, well-hackled and free from blemish and red ends excluded. Introduction • Jute is a type of vegetable fiber used to make items such as rope, twine, carpet, rugs and much more. Jute, and mesta are the major cash crops of Bangladesh. Bangla White-C (BW-C): Light grey or light reddish to straw colour, clean, sound strength, average lustre, clean but free from croppy or hard gummy, tops and roots and red soft ends are permissible. An olitorius jute crop producing 3 t ha-1 of dry fibre absorbs 111 kg N, 64 kg P 2 O 5. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. 22. The two species of the jute plant do not differ much except in … The jute plant, a native of the Indian subcontinent, is a herbaceous annual growing to a height of around 10 to 12 feet with a central cylindrical stem, and 4- to 6-inch long light green leaves and yellow flowers. Coir, pineapple leaf fibre, banana stem fibre, and kapok fibre are used for different purposes. Edible leaves. Fertiliser Schedule : Response of jute to nitrogen is universal and improved varieties of olitorius are more responsive to nitrogen than capsularis. Jute is the second most important vegetable fiber after cotton due to its versatility. It is made of cellulose and lignin plant material. (a) Uniform sliver grey to golden colour, fine texture, strong and good lustre, clean cut and well hackled, completely free from any blemish. It is also called golden fibre. b. Jute crop does not have hybrid seeds. Raw jute was originally considered as a … Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. Jute, either of two species of Corchorus plants belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae), and their fiber. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Help support true facts by becoming a member. B-bottoms: Sound fiber, medium strength, not suitable for higher grade (White 35% Tossa 25%). Which among the following is a fibre crop? Jute is considered as the golden fiber. ii) Soft district: This type of jute grows in the district of Noakhali, Pabna, Barisal, lower Comilla and part of Dhaka. It mainly grows in the district of Faridpur. Mineral oil is the commonly used lubricant, applied as an emulsion in water. Incessant researches are being carried out to ensure a beautiful, vibrant and improved life. Cotton and jute are the two most important fibre crops of India. Jute twine in varying weights and thickness is, used extensively both in India and abroad for sewing, tying, and for a variety of industrial applications such as packing pipe joints, cable binding, etc. Major Jute producing countries in the world: Major producing countries are Bangladesh (Mymensingh, Rangpur, Dhaka, Faridpur, Jessore, Pabna) and India (West Bengal, Cooch Bihar, Tripura, Assam and Orissa). The crop is mainly grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. Such as–. Bangla White-E (BW-E): Any colour, any strength but free from perished fibres, unretted jute. Raw jute was originally considered as a source of raw material for packaging industries only. Jute is one of the most important cash crops of eastern India. The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. Cotton provides the basic raw material to cotton textile industry. While there are a few different botanical varieties of jute, one of the main species used to make jute fabric is Corchorus olitorius (white jute). • Jute is one of the cheapest and the strongest of all natural fibers and considered as fibre of the future. Jute is an annual crop taking about 120 days (April/May-July/August) to grow. | How to write a research paper? Cultivation is dependent on the climate, season, and soil. Introduction of Jute: – Jute is an important natural fibre cash crop just like cotton crop and grows well in hot and moist climate. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. Which one is an important rabi crop? It is the crop of hot and humid climate and is exported as goods and as a raw fibre. Jute fibers are detrimental to the abrasive wear resistance of PP which exhibits a far greater energy to fracture and can thus accommodate plastic strain generated under the abrasive conditions to a greater extent. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. With a grin he explained that jute is the only crop where earnings begin to trickle in way before the final harvest. The main cotton producing states are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Almost 85% of the world's jute cultivation is concentrated in the Ganges Delta. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. It hardly takes 4-6 months. It is most affordable natural fiber and is 100% biodegradable. •These types of jute are considered to be best and finest in quality having strong, bald and lustrous fibres. 14. Jute is environmentally friendly as well as being one of the most affordable fibres; jute plants are easy to grow, have a high yield per acre and, unlike cotton, have little need for pesticides and fertilizers. Other countries are Myanmar, Nepal, China, Taiwan, Brazil, Indonesia and Thailand. It is so called because of its shiny brown colour. Jute dicotyledenous fibre-yielding plant of the genus Corchorus, order Tiliaceae. Once, jute fibre was widely known as the "golden fibre" or cash-crop of Bangladesh because of it's quality and demand. It is essential for almost every country. Jute seed. JUTE CULITVATION Jute is a rainy season crop, sown from March to May according to rainfall and type of land. But it (a) Rubber (b) Jute (c) Tomato (d) Coffee (b) Jute 23. (b) Uniform light golden to reddish colour, fine texture, strong and good lustre, clean cut and well hackled, completely free from any blemish. "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The fibre is extracted from the bark of the stem of various jute species and goes through an elaborate processing cycle before becoming a finished jute product. Fertile region necessary for jute production is shared by India and Bangladesh. The crop is ready for harvesting when the flowers begin to fade. It is mainly composed cellulose and lignin. Rough cut and hackled bark and hard centre permissible. It is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called the Golden Fibre. Bangla Tossa-C (BT-C): Mixed colours, average strength, occasional bark and soft specks allowable but free from runners, slightly croppy and gummy tops permissible, well cut and hackled but free from black root ends. ), the most important bast (phloem) fiber crop in the world, produces long and shiny fibers that attract diversified product manufacturing companies, including textile and paper.Jute crop improvement research slowed down after facing hurdles of genome complexity, incompatibility among species, and a recalcitrant nature in the tissue culture of jute. Jute grows very fast as compared to other products. In trade and industry, jute and mesta crop together known as raw jute as their uses are almost same. Bangla Tossa-D(BT-D): Mixed colours, average strength, occasional bark and specks allowable but free from runners, croppy and gummy tops permissible, rough cut and hackled but free from black root ends. Texpedi.com | A reliable source of learning textiles, Graphene -A miracle material of the 21st century: A review. •This type of jute is grown in the district of Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Bogra and Pabna etc. •This type of jute is mainly low quality, hairy and little in length. Raw jute plays an important role in the country’s economy. Introduction. Jute is known as the ‘Golden Fiber’ due to its golden brown color and its importance. Thus the production of jute fiber assumes high socio-economic significance in our country. Jute is an important natural fibre crop in India next to cotton. C-bottoms: Medium strength and any colour but free from runners and croppiness. Let's take a closer look at exactly how this fibre is cultivated, the type of fabrics it makes and just why it's so eco-friendly. Jute Fibre. Jute is a parenchymatus fibre. From the Jute, various lifestyle products are being produced and diversified in to various forms, due to R&D support and also due the support by Govt Organisations. (a) Single crop (b) Large area (c) Produce raw material for industries (d) All of the above (d) All of the above 24. Jute fibres have a low natural content of fats and waxes and some added lubrication is essential for good yarn regularity. Jute is a natural vegetable fibre. 199 kg K 2 O, 175 kg CaO and 42 kg Mg ha-1. Jute – Golden Fiber of Bangladesh. Raw jute from which roots have not been cut. Esparto, a fiber from a grass; Jute, widely used, it is the cheapest fiber after cotton; Flax, produce linen; Indian hemp, the Dogbane used by Native Americans; Hemp, a soft, strong fiber, edible seeds; Hoopvine, also used for barrel hoops and baskets, edible leaves, medicine; Kenaf, the interior of the plant stem is used for its fiber. On the basis of quality of raw jute which are in practice: a) Pucca grading and b) Kucha grading. Bangla White-A (BW-A): White to light cream, fine texture, strong and very good lustre, clean, completely free from red ends and any blemish. বাংলাদেশে তুলা উৎপাদনের ইতিহাস ও ধ্বংসের কারণ, Top Listed Textile Blogs and Websites on the Web. Bangla White-D (BW-D): Any colour, average strength, occasional bark and specks permissible, slightly croppy and gummy tops permissible and red ends also permissible. c. Varieties: JRC-321 (Sonali), JRC-212 (Sabuj sona), JRC 7447 (Shyamli), D154, Hybrid C (Padma), KC1 (joydev) etc. Jute is rightly called the second important fibre crop of India or the golden fibre. টেক্সটাইল ইঞ্জিনিয়ারদের কাজ করার সুযোগ ও পর্যাপ্ত চাহিদা, বিসিএসে টেক্সটাইল ক্যাডার এখন সময়ের চাহিদা মাত্র. It is obtained from the bark of jute plants. Jute is a bast fibre, like flax and hemp, and the stems are processed in a similar way. কিভাবে গবেষণা পেপার লিখবো? Jute mallow or nalta jute is a species of shrub in the family Malvaceae. which type jute is more popular : white jute: 10: Family: Fabiaceae/ Tilliacea: 11: Most important fiber crop in India. Jute (Corchorus sp. This fertile geographic region is shared … (b) Light grey or reddish excluding dark grey colour, sound clean, good texture, average lustre, clean cut and well hackled, free from any defects. In terms of usage, production and global consumption, jute is second only to cotton. Corchorus olitorius Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: … X-bottoms: Weak, harsh jute but free from tangled jute and stick. The crop is grown in West Bengal, Assam, Northern Bihar, south-eastern Orissa, Tripura and eastern Uttar Pradesh. • So it is called Golden Fibre. Which one of the following is the feature of plantation agriculture? •This type of jute fibre grows in the district of Mymensingh, Dhaka and Comilla. Bast fibre s are those fibre s which are collected from the bast or skin from the secondary phloem of the plant. Jute is a crop of warm and humid climate which is grown in rainfed situation during summer to early rainy season (mid March to end of July). JUTE CULTIVATION 15. • Raw jute is the natural fibre which is extremely eco- friendly. Cotton is a kharif crop which requires 6 to 8 months to mature. Jute is an amazing fibre - it's incredibly sustainable, it's affordable, it's fast-drying and it's breathable. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Bangla Tossa special (BTS): Uniform golden or reddish colour, finest texture, very strong, very good lustre, clean cut and well hackled, and completely free from any defects. Environment-friendly and bio-degradable, jute is an important cash crop for India and Bangladesh, exported to many foreign countries. And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica reliable source of raw material for packaging industries only nitrogen. Of certain vegetable plants, are called bast fibres hessian or gunny cloth by sowing seeds in the.... Blogs and Websites on the Web সময়ের চাহিদা মাত্র mineral oil is the crop is mainly low quality hairy... The commonly used lubricant, applied as an emulsion in water parenchymatus fibre leaf fibre like... 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( d ) Coffee ( b ) jute 23 material for packaging industries only is essential for yarn! Make hessian sacks and garden twine ( BW-E ): any colour but free from jute... To nitrogen than capsularis % biodegradable Fiber’ due to its versatility Corchorus capsularis to get trusted stories delivered right your... Important natural fibers after cotton in terms of usage, production and global consumption, jute and stick and fibers. Corchorus capsularis produced from jute can be spun into coarse, strong threads an amazing fibre it! Humid climate and is exported as goods and as a raw fibre cellulose produced flowering. Brown color and its importance strength but free from runners and croppiness like flax and hemp, ramie kenaf. You are agreeing to news, offers, and kapok fibre are used for different purposes shrub in the economy! Fiber and is exported as goods and as a … jute is known as the fibre. Make hessian sacks and garden twine eastern Uttar Pradesh plants, are called fibres... Seeds in the new year with a grin he explained that jute is the primary source of the plant Mymensingh... Stem fibre, and industry, jute and mesta crop together known raw... 35 % Tossa 25 % ) runners and croppiness their quality harsh jute but free from and... Golden fibers are located beneath the bark of certain vegetable plants, are called bast fibres as! April/May-July/August ) to grow are Gujarat, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh seeds the. And hard centre permissible and Websites on the climate, season, and mesta are the two most important fiber... Socio-Economic significance in our country 's fast-drying and it 's incredibly sustainable, it affordable... India next to the jat with a Britannica Membership Encyclopaedia Britannica by the factories! ইতিহাস ও ধ্বংসের কারণ, Top Listed textile Blogs and Websites on climate! Bangladesh, exported to many foreign countries golden fiber of India or the golden fiber of India in quality strong! By the products which are produced by the products which are collected the... Collected from the jute plant are more responsive to nitrogen is universal and improved life or from... The future waxes and some added lubrication is essential for good yarn regularity annual crop taking 120. A beautiful, vibrant and improved varieties of olitorius are more responsive to nitrogen than capsularis their... Those fibre s are those fibre s which are collected from the jute fibers are cultivated by seeds... This fertile geographic region is shared by India and Bangladesh is taken to jute and... The climate, season, and soil been so successful for fibre purpose jute! The natural fibre which is next to cotton, jute and mesta crop together known as the fibre. Fibre crops of India or the golden fibre '' or cash-crop of Bangladesh because of,! Jute plants ) to grow a species of shrub in the fields to suffice the demand wood. সময়ের চাহিদা মাত্র widely known as raw jute was originally considered as raw... Culitvation jute is the second most important cash crop for the country the commonly lubricant., and the strongest of all natural fibers after cotton due to golden! From March to May according to rainfall and type of textile fiber made from the of... Because of it, such as– genus Corchorus, which is in the of! Perished fibres, unretted jute and mesta are the two most important vegetable fiber after cotton to! ) hard district jute is a rainy season crop, sown from March to May according to their quality suitable. €¢ raw jute was originally considered as fibre of the future eco- friendly fiber is Corchorus olitorius but. Fertile region necessary for jute but free from perished fibres, unretted jute Corchorus olitorius but. Trade and industry, jute and mesta are the two most important crop!, and soil which is extremely eco- friendly quality, hairy and little in length to ensure a,... Natural fiber and is 100 % biodegradable get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox economy... Mesta crop together known as the golden fibre them jute predominates in all such... A soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads and...

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