1 He possesses emotions, intellect and will. The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament; 4. Without denial of the one Essence of the Godhead, the personality of the Holy Spirit must be affirmed and is subject to proof unassailable by any who accept the Scriptures as authoritative. The Work of the Holy Spirit in Salvation; 8. The Work of the Holy Spirit in Salvation, 7. The very nature of procession points to its eternity. Another instance of identification of Jehovah and the Holy Spirit is found in Jeremiah 31:31-34 and Hebrews 10:15. The Holy Spirit in Relation to the Person and Work of Christ; 5. The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Believer, 9. It may be concluded therefore, without further summation of the arguments, that the case for the deity of the Holy Spirit is impregnable. The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Believer, 10. What does the Bible say to the church, and to the individual Christian, about the role of politics in the church? It is customary when speaking of persons to use the personal pronouns, I, thou, he, they. SEARCHING, SPEAKING AND PRAYING For example, we read in 1 Corinthians 2:10 that the Holy Spirit searcheth the deep things of God. Hence, the Holy Spirit is accorded the same honor, position, and ministry as the other members of the Trinity. It is used to represent the written Word (Eph 5:26). The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Believer. In the discussion of the titles revealing His attributes, it may be noticed that the Spirit of Glory (1 Pet 4:14) engages in a work to bring the saints to glory. The Holy Spirit in Relation to the Unsaved World; 6. But it is possible to discern that each of the inspired writers has caught some special aspect of the Holy Spirit’s person or work, which is reiterated in his pages. The experience of the Christian life and faith enters into these realities and affirms that it is most natural for Christians to regard the Holy Spirit as they would regard a person. It must be admitted that the study of His Person is never complete without the complement of the revelation of His Person in His works. In Judges it is the in-breathing of courage or strength which is alluded to in every one of the seven passages. He is considered perhaps the world's foremost interpreter of biblical prophecy.John is perhaps best known for his bestselling work on Bible prophecy, Armageddon... More. Some see Him as an impersonal force or influence, some deny His very existence, and others are not certain who or what the Holy Spirit is. (6) Spirit of Life affirms the eternal life of the Spirit (Rom 8:2). In the plural, it sometimes signifies distress and tribulation (Ps 69:2, 14). Q. Without a doubt, the most tangible and conclusive evidence for the personality of the Holy Spirit is found in His works. Every aspect of the truth regarding the Holy Spirit speaks in eloquent terms of His deity. The Work of the Holy Spirit in Salvation, 8. 2 Theological Institutes, Vol. Define ‘holy spirit’ as used in the Bible. The abundance in which water has been created gives rise to a variety of meanings. The references in the Old Testament are manifold in that the very word for Spirit is variously translated wind, breath, air, blast, etc., as well as spirit. The Bible provides many ways to help us understand that the Holy Spirit is truly a person—that is, He is a personal being, rather than an impersonal thing. The other approach, which is taken here, is through the explicit reference of Scripture, revealing certain attributes. In several instances, however, the masculine pronouns are found (John 15:26; 16:13, 14). No valid reason may be found for this except as indicating His personality. Others suggest that perhaps the Holy Spirit is just another name for Jesus, in spirit form, apart from His body. Q. In 2 Samuel 23:2, 3, the Spirit of Jehovah and the God of Israel are identified. The proof of the deity of the Holy Spirit is extensive to the point where it is impossible to display all the possible ramifications of the argument. The plan of consideration directs attention to the Person of the Holy Spirit to the exclusion of His work. In harmony with this is the Bible’s general usage of “holy spirit” in an impersonal way, such as paralleling it with water and fire. Random Bible Verse For the word of God is alive and active. His power is uncontrolled by human invention. In like manner, the presence of the Holy Spirit is said to be the presence of God. 4) The Holy Spirit is a distinct Person within the Godhead, not a force, a thing, or an “it” Qualities that a person has…(a force or thing does not) 1) The Holy Spirit has intellect. International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia, v.s., Oil. By it we are known, and by it we are clothed. Oil played an important part in the sacrifices (Lev 1-7). In Luke 24:49, Christ told His disciples to tarry in Jerusalem until “ye be endued with power from on high.” The word translated endued is ἐνδύσησθε, which literally means, to clothe. The doctrine of the deity of the Holy Spirit has an intimate logical relation to the doctrine of the personality of the Spirit. Cummings lists eighty-eight references to the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament.13 The American Standard Version of the Bible by means of initial capital letters indicates considerably more than this. This article was taken from the Theological Journal Library CD and posted with permission of Galaxie Software. The work of F. E. Marsh goes far to illustrate the beauties in this type.19. The Bible describes the Holy Spirit as a person who has been present with the Father and the Son since before time began. We may see, then, in the work of both the Son and the Spirit, an illustration of the respective doctrines of eternal generation and procession. Likewise the apostolic benediction as recorded in 2 Corinthians 13:14 indicates an equality in respect to personality of the members of the Trinity. As Christ became an obedient Son in doing the Father’s will, so the Holy Spirit in procession became obedient to the Father and the Son. A study of the references to the Holy Spirit by various titles in Scripture will reveal some significant facts. There is only one God and He is the third divine person of the Trinity. Whenever his difficulties come between his heart and the Lord, he is evidently not enjoying the Lord’s presence, but suffering in the presence of his difficulties.-Selected. Cummings notes that the Pentateuch has fourteen references, none in Leviticus, that Isaiah and Ezekiel have fifteen each, and that the references are scattered throughout twenty-two of the thirty-nine books of the Old Testament.14 The concise summary of Cummings on the significance of these references may well be quoted: “It is impossible to say that the passages increase in number, or in clearness, with any special characteristic of the books of Scripture. The use of clothing as a figure to reveal spiritual truth is prominent in Scripture as evidenced in other connections in Scripture (2 Cor 5:3; Eph 4:24; 6:11-17; Col 3:10, 12; 1 Thess 5:8; Rev 19:8, 13, 14). The figure would seem to indicate that the presence and power of the Holy Spirit is our protection from the world and our official vestment. While the doctrine of procession is more theological than Biblical, it is in harmony with the Scriptures as will be seen later, and an important evidence for the deity of the Holy Spirit. Rather than describing the Holy Spirit as a distinct person or entity, the Bible most often refers to it as and connects it with God's divine power (Zechariah 4:6 Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and spoke to me, saying, This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, said the LORD of hosts. As an illustration, three of His works may be brought forward as being distinctively in the realm of divine operation. (2) The Spirit of Faith (2 Cor 4:13), while perhaps impersonal, and in this case not referring to the Holy Spirit as such, if admitted as a reference, it indicates the ministry of the Spirit in producing faith in us. While it is not the purpose of the present discussion to examine the nature of His works, it is sufficient proof of His personality merely to name them. (6) Holiness is frequently assigned the one who is distinctively known as the Holy Spirit (Luke 11:13). John F. Walvoord, long-time president of Dallas Theological Seminary, was one of the most prominent evangelical scholars of his generation. In addition to these sacred uses, it was used as food (Rev 6:6), medicine (Mark 6:13), and even as a means of commodity exchange (1 Kgs 5:11).23. God is a mysterious reality. Typology in relation to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit is not of great importance, but the eight major types of the Spirit discussed here will add their revelation to other fields of investigation. Some Pentecostal denominations which use the KJV still speak of the Holy Ghost. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). 42:1–9).The passage summarizes the redeeming work of all three Persons of the Trinity in the salvation of the lost. The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament; 3. On the part of the Holy Spirit, the eternal procession of the Spirit issued in the ministry which ensued. Here are some KJV Bible verses on this topic. His works indicate intelligence, knowledge, and the normal functions of personality. The doctrine of procession is based on Scripture and on inference. It was used to induct kings into office (1 Sam 10:1; 16:13; 1 Kgs 1:39; etc.). According to Young’s Concordance, there are one hundred and seventy-five references to oil in the Old Testament and a dozen instances in the New Testament, the most notable being Matthew 25:3-8; Hebrews 1:9; James 5:14. (Matthew 3:11; Mark 1:8) People are urged to become The Spirit of wisdom (Eph 1:17), the Spirit of Wisdom and Understanding, the Spirit of Counsel and Might, the Spirit of Knowledge and of the Fear of the Lord (Isa 11:2) speak of the several ministries of God in teaching, guiding and strengthening the saint. That it is used typically in reference to the Holy Spirit is clear from John 4:14; 7:38-39. (2) Perfection is the implication of the title, Seven Spirits (Rev 1:4; 3:1). The use of personal pronouns in relation to the Holy Spirit in Scripture is sufficiently frequent to justify a conclusion that He is a person. If the Holy Spirit were not God, it would not be possible to commit this sin. The Father is of none, neither begotten nor proceeding; the Son is eternally begotten of the Father; the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son.”12. Once such thing – Person, is the Holy Spirit.There are some amazing titles of the Holy Spirit. It is a fundamental revelation that the Holy Spirit is a Person, in the sense that the Father is a Person, and the Son is a Person. 1 Cor 3:13). They were to be clothed with power. His movements are not governed by human will. fire, Matt 3:12). A collection of verses showing the identity, ministry, and personhood of the Holy Spirit, organized by category: The Holy Spirit mentioned on equal level with God. His sovereign purposes may not be understood, but it is clear that all is according to an infinite plan. His presence is our guarantee. The Scriptures make it clear. ), in Ezekiel (590 B.C. In reference to the Spirit, then, water speaks of eternal life, of cleansing by washing, of the unlimited abundance of blessing, and spiritual refreshment. The descriptive adjective holy is used to distinguish Him from other spirits, which are creatures. The transcendence of the Spirit is indicated (15) in the title, Free Spirit (Ps 51:12). … The two doctrines are mutually sustaining. From these several identifications, an inescapable conclusion is reached of the deity of the Holy Spirit. The Work of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament, 3. The remaining lines of evidence are even more important. While the variations in the views of doctrine on the Person of the Holy Spirit have been many, the great body of orthodox and conservative theology has held to the personality of the Spirit, the proofs of which may be here considered. The Work of the Holy Spirit in Salvation; 7. (5) Spirit of Glory connotes His glory as being the same as the Father and the Son (1 Pet 4:14). The "Holy Spirit" is said to speak ("The Holy Spirit Says") , then quotes an Old Testament verse, is a pattern found throughout the New Testament proving He is a person: This is a function of bearing witness to scripture itself and always involves a person. Misconception: The “Holy Ghost,” or holy spirit, is a person and is part of the Trinity, as stated at 1 John 5: 7, 8 in the King James version of the Bible. A mere influence or emanation does not create, empower, teach, guide, pray, or command. In the New Testament, the references to the Holy Spirit are even more numerous. Happy New Year: Past, Present, and Future Perspectives. Accordingly, it is of great significance that this title is given the Holy Spirit. The abundant creedal evidence while not possessing the infallible inspiration of the Bible may be taken as conclusive proof that the large portion of evangelical Christendom accepts without question this doctrine. From the more complete discussion of His works to follow, these illustrations will be sufficient: (1) His work in creation (Gen 1:2); (2) His work in empowering (Zech 4:6); (3) His teaching ministry (John 16:13); (4) His guidance (Isa 48:16; Rom 8:14); (5) His comforting (John 14:26); (6) His prayer (Rom 8:26); (7) His work of convincing the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment (John 16:8); (8) His restraint of sin (Isa 59:19); (9) His authoritative commands (Acts 8:29; 13:2; 16:7). For we do not know what to pray for … The question is if the Holy Spirit is a Person why can’t we talk to Him. On the human level, possession of life is taken as proof of possession of personality, one without the other being impossible. Generation must be guarded from all purely anthropomorphic ideas, and proceeding must be made eternal. As Charles Hodges states: “He is introduced as a person so often, not merely in poetic or excited discourse, but in simple narrative, and in didactic instructions; and his personality is sustained by so many collateral proofs, that to explain the use of the personal pronouns in relation to Him on the principle of personification, is to do violence to all the rules of interpretation.”3 The Greek of the New Testament is quite explicit in confirming the personality of the Holy Spirit by use of the pronouns. The New Testament word for the Spirit, πνεῦμα, is found in two hundred and sixty-two passages, according to Cummings, scattered throughout all the major New Testament books.16 To quote Cummings, “The Gospels contain fifty-six passages; the Acts of the Apostles, fifty-seven; St. Paul’s Epistles, one hundred and thirteen; and the other books, thirty-six.”17 From these facts, it may be clearly seen that there is consistent reference to the Holy Spirit from Gen 1:2 to Rev 22:17, and the inference is plain that a constant ministry of the Holy Spirit is maintained suitable for each dispensation. The most obvious difficulty with the view of the Greek Church is that the Holy Spirit is operative in the Old Testament, and the procession was then a fact (Ps 104:30). No clearer statement of the intimate interworking of the triune God—Father, Son and Holy Spirit—and especially of the Spirit’s powerful role can be found in the Old Testament than in Isaiah’s prophecy of the Servant of the Lord (Is. In any case, the instances are numerous and well scattered throughout the Old Testament. 2 Corinthians 3:17. Q. Another clear instance of identification of the Holy Spirit and God is found in Acts 5:1-4, where the sin of Ananias against the Holy Spirit is said to be a sin against God. The Spirit as one who manifests grace is revealed in the titles, Spirit of Grace (Heb 10:29), and the Spirit of Grace and Supplication (Zech 12:10). The titles of the Holy Spirit as commonly translated are subject to significant classification which furnishes an interesting background for the doctrine. Nor can we trace any relation to the comparatively spirituality of the books, though Isaiah stands so high in the list; for whereas Ezekiel stands first, and Judges has seven, Psalms has only six, Deuteronomy only one, and 2nd Chronicles four. F. E. Marsh illustrates it in this manner: ”‘All things are ours,’ not as to actual or full enjoyment, but as to possession or security; just as a child who is heir to property left to him, and is allowed a certain part of it until he becomes of age, when he may enter into and enjoy the whole, is assured the property is none the less his, although he has not come into full possession.”22. As the Holy Spirit possesses life, personality is necessary. Without the Holy Spirit, the Godhead would not be what it is. He is called the Spirit of truth ( John 16:13 ) and our Advocate ( John 14:26 ). Abundant revelation is given in the titles of the Holy Spirit to disclose His attributes. His presence is of great significance, entirely apart from His ministries. They seem to bear no special relation to chronology, as they appear chiefly in Isaiah (750 B.C. The Christian indwelt by the Holy Spirit is indwelt by God (1 Cor 3:16; 6:19; Eph 2:22). However, the Bible is very clear on this matter; the Holy Spirit is a person, the Third Person of … The ministry of the Third Person is accomplished in His own power and gives testimony to His eternal deity and glory, but it is accomplished on behalf of the Father and the Son. (3) The deity of the Holy Spirit is conclusive evidence of personality, as sustained in the material upholding the deity of the Holy Spirit to be given in a later section. He is considered perhaps the world's foremost interpreter of biblical prophecy.John is perhaps best known for his bestselling work on Bible prophecy, Armageddon... More. The Holy Spirit Himself is the Seal. It is inconceivable that the Scriptures should turn from the normal neuter to the masculine unless a person is in view. Jesus said, "And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you; … (1) The unity of the Spirit is revealed in the title, One Spirit (Eph 4:4). The significance of the singular points to the fact that the final name of God is, “Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.” The Holy Spirit is essential to the Triune God. In connection with the sovereign bestowal of spiritual gifts on men, the Spirit is said to accomplish this “as he will” (1 Cor 12:11). John 16:13 - Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he … in time. Jesus himself identifies the Spirit as a coequal member of the Trinity. It is necessary to attack the inspiration of the Scriptures themselves to disturb the overwhelming evidence contained therein on this subject. The Spirit is a person and not merely a force. An examination of the Scriptural revelation on the Holy Spirit will indicate that He is nowhere given a formal name, such as we have for the Second Person, the Lord Jesus Christ, but is rather given descriptive titles, of which the most common in Scripture and in common usage is the Holy Spirit. This subordination without detracting from the eternal glory and divine attributes which characterized all three Persons is illustrated abundantly in the Scriptures (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). The nature of the attributes are such that they could not all be communicated to a creature. All the future blessings of God are assured by the presence of the Holy Spirit. The basic words in the original are also used in reference to entities other than the Holy Spirit. The many aspects revealed speak of His infinite Person, equal in power and glory with the Father and the Son. But, when we start on page one of the Bible, before creation ever even began, we see a depiction of the spirit of God hovering over the dark, disordered waters of the earth, ready to begin spreading goodness and creation. F. E. Marsh adds to these suggestions that (5) “Among men a seal signifies a finished transaction”; (6) that the seal constitutes a mark of recognition; (7) that the seal implies secrecy and (8) obligation; and that “the seal leaves an impression upon the wax which corresponds to it,” i.e., is evidenced in the life of the believer.24 It is an evidence of the grace of God that such assurance should be given the believer in this age. (2) The Holy Spirit possesses life (Rom 8:2) which is an essential of personality. The use of a dove as a type of the Holy Spirit is strikingly brought to our attention in the description of the baptism of Christ. The procession of the Holy Spirit cannot be compared to the incarnation, as the incarnation was not essential to deity, though it is essential to its manifestation, especially the attributes of love and righteousness as they combine in grace. From the explicit revelation of the attributes of the Holy Spirit, it may be concluded that His deity is given further evidence against which no argument could stand. For the sake of analysis, however, His Person will be considered first, with reference to His work only where necessary, leaving to later discussion the aspects of His work throughout the ages. The term God as found in the translations of the Old and New Testaments is frequently identified with the Holy Spirit. Thayer defines it, “Money which in purchases is given as a pledge that the full amount will subsequently be paid.”21 The Holy Spirit Himself rather than His gifts is the Earnest. (2) The attribute of personality has abundant witness as already demonstrated. (2) The work of the Holy Spirit in regeneration (John 3:6) likewise is clearly in the realm of a work of God. In the baptismal formula of Matthew 28:19, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are related on an equal basis. If it may be assumed here that God possesses personality, if the Holy Spirit is a Person of the Trinity, He in turn possesses personality. This has been the position of the orthodox body of Christians from the beginning. (3) The identity of the Holy Spirit and the Essence of the Trinity is affirmed in the title, The Lord the Spirit (2 Cor 3:18). The matter of interpretation enters into the problem. In the King James and New King James Versions, these verses appear to refer to the Holy Spirit as one member of a three-person “Trinity.” This passage is quite misleading because nearly all biblical authorities agree that the words (in verses 7-8) “in heaven: the Father, the Word, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one. While this is not explicitly related to the Spirit, it is indicated in the context that the wind “filled all the house where they were sitting” (Acts 2:2), and that “they were filled with the Holy Ghost” (Acts 2:4). The current trend has been to emphasize the present work of the Spirit without a due consideration of His Person without which His work has no real foundation. According to the Scriptures, it is possible to sin against the Holy Spirit (Isa 63:10); grieve Him (Eph 4:30); reverence Him (Ps 51:11); and obey Him (Acts 10:19-21). Member of the Godhead As God, the Holy Spirit has existed through all eternity. The reference to baptism by fire in Matt 3:11-12 apparently is not connected with a work of the Spirit at any time, referring rather to the purging accomplished by Christ Himself for the nation Israel at His second coming, and by application, the destruction of the flesh and its works at the judgment seat of Christ. Romans 8:26-27 “Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. The use of the masculine form, ἐκεῖνος, makes the personality of the Holy Spirit clearly the intent of the passage. The Spirit neither sends the Father nor the Son, but is subordinate to Their will which at all times is His own will, and accomplishes His work in the earth. Only God has this kind of ability. Since one of the major aspects of God’s nature is that he is a person, it follows that the Holy Spirit is a person. Hence, we find the Spirit being sent into the world to reveal truth on behalf of Christ (John 16:13-15), with the special mission of making the things of Christ known and magnifying the Father and the Son. It is necessary, therefore, to allow the context to determine the meaning of the word in all of its occurrences. The work of the Holy Spirit in creation and all subsequent operations involves the procession of the Spirit. He is not seeking His own glory any more than the Son sought His own glory while in the period of humiliation. Does debt affect giving in modern times in light of the Israelite tithe and slaves? Theologians have borrowed the Scriptural distinctions as to the eternal relation of the Second and Third Persons to the First Person. Accordingly Hodge states, “Since the fourth century his true divinity has never been denied by those who admit his personality.”5 In the fourth century Arius held originally according to Watson6 that the Spirit was created and hence affirmed in part His personality without affirming His deity. In Ezekiel, for instance, it is the action of the Holy Spirit in transporting the prophet bodily to the places where he is needed, which accounts for six of the passages out of fifteen. The same use of the masculine may be observed in the use of the relative pronouns, and in such a connection as supporting the thought of personality (Eph 1:13-14). Of originality ready to help the Christian indwelt by God ( 1 10:1. 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