Didius Julianus. 0. The specimens shown in this collection were made for various reasons. The method by which modern forgers manufacture such dies is known as hubbing. All the examples I have found exhibit two patterns of weakness in the strike: on the obverse the laurel leaves on Apollo's forehead are slightly flat at the highest point, that on the nicest examples, seems to be related more to the die pressure not being able to fill those details on the die than to wear. I can't really explain CNG but can you explain Kunker, From what I understand they have an awful reputation They regularly sell fake coins, you can't tell anything about a coins condition; whether it has hairlines etc.. From their photos When you bid on an auction you don't get outbid notifications Oh and all that for a crazy 23% bp When all is said and done, you’re buying the coin, not the plastic, and you should never pay more than the coin itself is worth. Looking at the coin under question, the designs are of roughly of equal strength across the entire design, including on the inscription near the edge. This results in what is known as die shift and can result in some distortions to the designs during striking. While the opinions about this coin on this page are entirely my own, I do appreciate the help provided to me by Jorg Lueke who aided in finding suitable examples and images of various specimens which helped in my observations, and whose comments and questions assisted me in determining what details needed to be discussed. Sasanian coinage was produced within the domains of the Iranian Sasanian Empire (224–651). Her gown is now much heavier, hiding her female lines and no longer revealing her rounded posterior and thin waist. Coins with VIGO below bust indicate that they were struck using silver captured from Spanish ships at Vigo bay. The following counterfeits are supposedly Athenian tetradrachms, which are ancient greek silver coins. The style of this coin is nearly perfect and it seems to be die linked to other known genuine examples. 539242. Here is an image of a coin of this type which has formed flan cracks, in what is a normal ancient flan crack pattern consistent with a hammer strike : It has one significant flan crack and one less significant one, both of which penetrate both into the coin and through the coin. These differences appear to be consistent with a combination of distortions in the die hubbing process and with a forger doing touch up work to an imperfectly hubbed false die. $5.50. The Berlin specimen is in the middle, the one from above used to show the genuine style flan cracks is to the left, and the specimen under discussion to the right: The first thing to look at are the eyes, where the two examples to the center and left are very finely engraved, giving the face a natural almost life like look with an intense stare. The Sovereign (English Pound) is a coin minted from 22ct gold and contains 7.32 grams of pure gold. Below are images are the Nike figure as it appears on the known authentic Berlin specimen (top) above the new specimen (bottom) : On the Berlin specimen the feather details of the wings are very delicate; Nike's head is finely engraved with a clearly female appearance, and her gown looks sheer, following her curves, showing a narrow waist and well-rounded posterior. The Barry P. Murphy Collection of Severan Denarii. There is a second example known from this false die, also high grade and nearly unworn, and it also shows the lips with this distortion --confirming that this feature was in the die. 5.98 g. Having looked at as many images of this type as I could locate, they have two features in common to all but those from the retouched dies. The second is much more difficult to prove as there might be images somewhere of coins that are struck from the original, not retouched dies, which will show all of the details, but as yet I cannot locate such an example. This is very different from how they look on the authentic Berlin specimen and I have checked this on other specimens from this die and it is clearly not what was on the original die. Most Sicilian tetradrachms do not show any significant flan cracks, and it appears that the expansion out to about 26 mm usually does not create enough stress to crack the flan. Date Added: -. There are many technical problems with hammer striking, and it is not as easy as one would think. Most Recently Added (0) There are some who would argue that the dies were re-cut in ancient times to improve striking quality, but as the problem is a design cut too deeply into the die, the solution would be to reduce that depth of engraving. The line of dots on her wing extends down to her shoulder, with each successive dot becoming larger. At this point the only genuine specimen I can locate that is well enough struck and centered to have been used, is the British Museum specimen mentioned above. While the images of the coin are provided via CNG's website, they had no input in the writing of this article and wish me to be clear that they do not approve or accept any of the statements I make about this coin. AR Dekadrachm (34.5mm, 43.08 g, 2h). This happens because these coins are struck on rounded planchets which must expand between the dies as the coin is struck. This might be why only one die of this particular design was cut, and all other dies have a slightly different design on which Nike flies over the horse, and the horses do appear in lower relief (although I have not actually measured them, and state this based on how they appear on images). Sometimes small distortions are introduced, and often on genuine coins some features are off the flan edge or weakly struck and so are not present to be transfered. TThe first is aligned across the horses' heads and driver’s arms where the designs are a near perfect match, although due to minor die shift, there is a clear discrepancy in the lower half most easily seen where the two ground lines do not overlay each other: The overlay image below, aligned on the ground lines, demonstrates how there is also a near perfect match on the lower half of the coins, with every letter in the inscription being a perfect match. The best specimen available for this purpose is one known as the Berlin specimen, which was de-accessioned from the Berlin Königliche Münzenkabinett as a duplicate and sold by A. Heiss on their behalf in 1902. a Vespasian and sons denarius, and numerous others [including a high-grade Marc Anthony COHORT galley, Trajan quinarius, etc.] Hemidrachms from Thracian Cherronesos. The Coin Shop (428) Coinsbit is a new trading platform that provides businesses and individual traders with Low commissions, Multi-Support, Strong Security, and Open API The first is that on the obverse they are strongest in the center and weaken towards the edges, which is most noticeable on the inscription on the right edge. This is a typical pattern associated with the strike occurring on a press rather than via a sharp hammer blow. This is clear evidence the coin in question was struck from a die in which a modern forger "improved" details on his hubbed die, without understanding the true nature of what he was improving. Normally this would be enough to confirm the authenticity, but only if the die link holds up to scrutiny, which in my opinion it does not. The first Greek coins appeared in Aegina c. 600 BCE (or even earlier) which were silver and used a turtle as a symbol of the city’s prosperity based on maritime trade. The earliest known electrum coins, Lydian and East Greek coins found under the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, are currently dated to the last quarter of the 7th century BC (625–600 BC). PO Box 4203 Ormond Beach, Florida 32175 | Office Hrs M-S 7:00AM-7:00PM | Office 434-327-0550 | Email:CoinWeek@gmail.com As the coin forms between the dies and the flan spreads, the die pressure dissipates, and so die pressure is at its highest as the centers form, and at its lowest as the outer parts of the design form. The only exceptions I have so far seen are on two examples, both from the retouched dies, both exceptionally evenly and well struck in a way not consistent with the hammer striking technology of 5th century BC Sicily. Ancient New Items (56) Sale items (11) Sold Items (36223) PROTO - MONEY , CURRENCY BEFORE MONEY (23) EXCEPTIONAL COINS !!!!! Even on the best struck and least worn example (the British Museum specimen) there is no detail on that closest horses' head (as illustrated on page 81 of volume 1 in David Sear's 1978 edition of Greek Coins and Their Values). 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